Helical piles, also known as screw piles, are constructed using steel shafts with helical flights of various sizes to suit the site specific ground conditions.
Piles are generally installed using standard tracked or wheeled excavators with a torque motor attachment which monitors the torque achieved during installation to verify the design.
Helical piles are advanced to the predetermined (design) bearing strata by rotating the steel shafts with the torque motor attached to the excavator plant/rig. Multiple steel sections are connected via a bolted connection and sections are added to complete the total pile depth.
Helical flights strategically designed along the shaft penetrate the soil without augering, displacing the soil,whilst the torque is carefully monitored as the pile advances. The final torque reading is taken over the last 1m of advancement to ensure the pile is achieving the required design before terminating at the correct datum level.
Helical piles are able to restrain a range of different axial, uplift and shear forces, although these are solely dependent on the soil conditions present at site. Larger loads can be restrained by simply increasing the pile diameter and wall thickness, size of helix plates and helix quantity on each pile. Each project is individually analysed to ensure the local conditions are adequate for the project specifics. Keller will assist the client to propose the most economical solution for their project in line with the client's requirements for programme and budget.
A detailed understanding of the subsurface conditions (especially soil strata type, strata levels and strength (SPT ‘N’ Values) to depth is necessary to properly interpret the required design and torque capacities.
On completion, the top of the pile can be connected in various ways to the structure by a direct steel flange plate connection or plate/rebar connection to concrete.
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Keller is able call upon a wealth of knowledge and experience to offer and successfully deliver the optimum solution. Static load testing can be done to monitor and confirm performance and that the required settlement criteria is met.